On October 26, 2009 I sent off a letter and $20 to the US Immigration and Naturalization folks in search of the date when Sam's grandfather became a US Citizen. This was the piece of information needed to determine if Sam was eligible for dual citizenship. The following August we received the letter back verifying that Sam's father was born 4 years before his own father, Salvatore, became a US Citizen. Sam was eligible!
That was the start of the journey and with the great assistance of Peter Farina (italyMondo.com) we were able to gather all of the required documents. A trip to Italy in the fall of 2011 helped to speed things along, and two weeks ago Sam was fingerprinted by the representative from the San Francisco Italian Consulate.
Today, three years and one week after that first inquiry, Sam has received his Italian passport! And with that, I can now apply for citizenship as well.